جمعه، خرداد ۱۱، ۱۳۸۶


Country Details

Burkina Faso, once known as Upper Volta, and as the longtime kingdom of the Mossi people, was colonized by France in the late 1800s.

Its name was changed to Burkina Faso when it gained independence from France in 1960, and subsequently (after that independence) suffered from numerous military coups that thankfully ended with countrywide elections in 1992. The results of those elections helped form a stable coalition government.

With a high population density and very limited natural resources, most of the citizens remain economically suppressed. Local health conditions are improving, but still generally poor in the rural areas. The country is reported to have the second-highest illiteracy rate on the planet.

The Burkina Faso pages are currently being revised, but you can find additional information about the country here.

Facts and Figures

Official Name Burkina Faso

Population 13,902,972

Capital City Ouagadougou (996,000)

Largest Cities Oaugadougou, Bobo Dioulasso, Koudougou

Currency CFA Franc

National Day 11 December; Republic Day

Latitude/Longitude 12° 37'N, 1° 53'W

Languages French (official), tribal dialects

Religions Traditional beliefs, Muslim, Christian


Land Area 273,800 sq km
Landforms Located on the southern fringes of the Sahara Desert, the country is mostly a wide, flat plain with hillier land in the west and far southeast. The Black, Red and White Voltas are the major rivers, and all flow south into Ghana.

Highest Point Tena Kouron, at 747 m

Climate Conditions in Burkina Faso are tropical, and normally sunny, warm and quite dry. High temperatures in the dry season (March - May) exceed 38°C on a regular basis.

The rainy season runs (June - October). Annual rainfall is heaviest in the south (approximately 1016 inches), while in the north and northeast, 250 inches annually is the norm

Distance between Ouagadougou and Tehran is 5895 km
Distance between Ouagadougou and Brisbane is 16900 km

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