جمعه، اسفند ۲۵، ۱۳۸۵


Facts and Figures

Name Botswana (long form) Republic of Botswana

Population 1,600,000 (143 out of 192 countries)

Capital City Gaborone (178,000)

Languages Setswana 78%, Kalanga 8%, and others

National Day September 30

Official Currency Pula (BWP)

Religions Christian (75%), Badimo, and others

Geographic Coordinates

Latitude/Longitude (Capital City) 24° 45S, 25° 55E

Relative Location Located south of the Equator and dissect by the Tropic of Capricorn, Botswana is in both the eastern and southern hemisphere. This landlocked country is positioned in southern Africa, and bordered by the countries of Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.

Land Statistics

Coastline 0 (landlocked)

Land Area 569,582 sq km (44 out of 192 countries)

Landforms The flat southern African plateau covers much of the country, with an average elevation of 1,005 m. The Kalahari Desert blankets the southwest.

To the north, the Okavango delta provides a thriving oasis, while numerous salt lakes and pans attract an array of migrant waterfowl, including Flamingos.

Additional landforms include savanna grasslands in the east, and a dry scrub along the western border with Namibia.

Significant rivers include the Limpopo, Okavango and Shashe.

Highest Point Tsodilo Hills: 1,489 m

Lowest Point At the junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers: 513 m

Climate Winters are comfortable, with cool nights and some frost in the desert.
Summers are hot and dry ; often much higher in the desert.

The summer rainy season runs (November - March), and 51 cm of total accumulation is the norm. Rainfall in the Kalahari Desert is very light and significant rain during other times of the year is rare.

Note that Botswana seasons are just the opposite of those in the Northern Hemisphere; Spring (Sept - Oct), Summer (late Oct - mid-Mar), Fall (late Mar - Apr) and Winter (May-Aug).

Distance between Tehran, Iran and Gaborone, Botswana, as the crow flies: 7209 km

Distance between Brisbane, Australia and Gaborone, Botswana, as the crow flies: 11936 km

پنجشنبه، اسفند ۱۰، ۱۳۸۵

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Facts and Figures

Official Name Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Population 4,207,000 (119 out of 193 countries)

Capital City Sarajevo (581,000)

Languages Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian

Latitude/Longitude 44° N, 18° E

Official Currency Marka (BAM)

Religions Muslim, Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant

Land Area 51,130 sq km (124 out of 193 countries)

Landforms A very hilly country with the Dinaric Alps dominating the landscape. The highest point, Mt. Maglic, rises to 2,387m.

Thick forest cover almost 50% of the land. In the north, along the Sava River valley, a hilly, fertile plain stretches east to west.

The country has limited access to the Adriatic Sea through a small strip of land (about 12 miles wide) in the far-southwest.

Significant rivers include the Neretua, Sava, Vrbas, and the Bosna - the source of the country's name.

Climate Winters can be very cold with lots of snow, especially in the hills and mountains. Summers are generally warm and comfortable, occasionally hot. Cooler temperatures in the higher elevations

Distance between Tehran, Iran and Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the crow flies: 2956 km

Distance between Brisbane, Australia and Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the crow flies: 15615 km