Name Bahrain (long form) Kingdom of Bahrain
Capital City Manama (147,074)
Currency Bahraini Dinar (BHD)
Languages Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
National Day December 16
Religions Muslim (Shi'a and Sunni) (82%), Christian, others
Geographic Coordinates Latitude/Longitude (Capital City) 26˚ 13' N, 50˚ 34' E
Relative Location Bahrain is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. It's positioned in the Middle East, a recognized geographical region of southwestern Asia. This island country is located in the Persian Gulf, directly east of Saudi Arabia.
Land Statistics Coastline 100 miles (161 km) Land Areas (land) 257 sq miles (665 sq km) (water) 0 sq miles (0 sq km) (TOTAL) 257 sq miles (665 sq km)
Landforms Bahrain is comprised of 1 large and 32 smaller islands. Almost Bahrain’s entire main island is a low-lying rocky, sandy plain. Coastal salt marshes are common, central and south. There are no significant rivers or lakes.
Highest Point Jabal ad Dukham - 400 ft. (122 m)
Lowest Point Persian Gulf - 0 ft. (0 m)
Climate Bahrain is hot and dry in the summer months, with very high humidity and no rain. Winters are mild and quite pleasant. July, August and September are the hottest months with high temps averaging near 36˚ C. Winter lows seldom fall below 13˚ C.